The men of Oakland, California's Academy of Hawaiian Arts, led by kumu hula Mark Keali'i Ho'omalu, dance a kahiko mele called "Nā Kia'i Kai" as part of the group competition in the Merrie Monarch Festival's 2012 hula competition. The mele is an original composition by Ho'omalu in honor of the Hawaiian guardians of fishing. Tattooed and dressed in elaborate malo dyed in blues and greens, representing the sea and decorated with traditional prints, the men perform moves mimicking the seas swells, the tossing and collecting of fish nets, and the fish swimming in the sea. In pre-colonial Hawaiian society men's and women's roles were strictly defined. While men and women fished, women fished in tide pools close to shore while men fished in the deeper waters and off rocky cliffs, which were daily pounded by the ocean's substantial force. Guardians were called upon to keep fisherman safe and to provide a bountiful harvest.